Visits to Jordan, Jerusalem & Bethlehem
Jerusalem & Bethlehem Tour(for Educational Visits)
Jordan, Jerusalem & Bethlehem Tour offers all the Classic sites
in Jordan as well as the opportunity to take part in some other exciting
and unusual excursions. We would recommend this programme for all types
of Student groups and particularly those with an interest in Religious
Studies. We can arrange excellent accommodation at a price to suit your
programme combines all the main sites of Jordan with a full day excursion
to Israel where you will enjoy an incredible day visiting the most popular
religious sites in Jerusalem and Bethlehem. The price of this trip includes
a tourist visa to Israel, assisted border crossings and re-entry to
main part of this trip is based in Jordan and follows the itinerary
for the Petra Nights Tour (see below) but also includes a full day excursion
to Jerusalem and Bethlehem. This trip takes place on day three and begins
with an early start (7.00am) drive to the King Hussain Border (Allenby
Bridge) crossing into Israel.
group will enjoy a breathtaking panoramic view of Jerusalem from the
Mount of Olives, before taking the Palm Sunday Road to the Church of
Dominus Flevit (where Jesus wept about Jerusalem - Luke 9).
the foot of the Mount of Olives lies the Garden of Gethsemane. In the
Book of Zechariah, the Mount of Olives is cited as the place where the
dead will be resurrected in the days of the Messiah. For this reason,
Jews have always sought to be buried there, and from biblical times
until today, the mountain has been used as a Jewish cemetery. There
are an estimated 150,000 graves on the Mount, including the tombs of
biblical figures such as Zechariah and Avshalom. Many important rabbis
from the 15th to the 20th centuries are buried there, among them Abraham
Isaac Kook, the first Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi of Israel. Israeli prime
minister Menachem Begin is also buried on the Mount of Olives.
Roman soldiers from the 10th Legion camped on the Mount during the Siege
of Jerusalem in the year 70 CE, which led to the destruction of the
Garden of Gethsemane is at the foot of the Mount of Olives, within the
walled grounds of the Church of all Nations (also known as the Church
of the Agony). It’s a peaceful garden among a grove of ancient
olive trees, looking back at the eastern wall of the City of Jerusalem.
Garden of Gethsemane is where Jesus prayed on the night of his betrayal
and arrest (Mark 14:32-50). According to the record in Luke, Christ’s
despair in Gethsemane was so deep that he sweat drops of blood (Luke
22:43-44). Gethsemane from Aramaic (Ga? Šmanê, meaning 'oil
press') was the garden where, according to the New Testament and Christian
traditions, Jesus and his disciples retreated to pray after the Last
Supper, the night before he was crucified. Gethsemane was also where
Christ was betrayed by the disciple Judas Iscariot. Furthermore, Orthodox
tradition holds that Gethsemane is the place where the Apostles buried
the Blessed Virgin Mary, after her Dormition.
to tradition, the Last Supper took place in what is called today The
Room of the Last Supper on Mount Zion, just outside of the walls of
the Old City of Jerusalem, and is traditionally known as The Upper Room.
This is based on the account in the Synoptic Gospels that states that
Jesus had instructed a pair of unnamed disciples to go to the city to
meet a man carrying a jar of water, who would lead them to a house,
where they were to ask for the room where the teacher has a guest room.
This room is specified as being the
upper room, and they prepare the passover there.
entering the "Upper Room" you find yourself in a large hall.
The ceiling is supported by three pillars which divide the room into
three naves. The pillars and the arches, windows and other Gothic style
architectural elements are a clear indication the room was built by
the Crusaders in the early XIV century, on top of a much older structure
most probably pre-dating the first churches erected in Palestine. This
old structure, according to the archaeological research, was a church-synagogue
of the early Christian community of Jerusalem.
Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem is one of the oldest continuously
operating churches in the world. The structure is built over the cave
that tradition marks as the birthplace of Christ, and it is considered
sacred by followers of both Christianity and Islam
Grotto of the Nativity, an underground cave located beneath the basilica,
enshrines the site where Jesus is said to have been born. The exact
spot is marked beneath an altar by
a 14-pointed silver star set into the marble floor and surrounded by
silver lamps. This altar is denominationally neutral, although it features
primarily Armenian Apostolic influences. Another altar in the Grotto,
which is maintained by the Roman Catholics, marks the site where traditionally
Mary laid the newborn Baby in the manger.
lunch, we enter the Old Jerusalem through the "Dung Gate"
to visit the Western Wall before walking along the Via
Dolorosa (the Way of the Cross) to the church of the Holy Sepulcher
Western Wall in the midst of the Old City in Jerusalem is the section
of the Western supporting wall of the Temple Mount which has remained
intact since the destruction of the Second Jerusalem Temple (70 C.E.).
It became the most sacred spot in Jewish religious and national consciousness
tradition by virtue of its proximity to the Western Wall of the Holy
of Holies in the Temple, from which, according to numerous sources,
the Divine Presence never departed. It became a center of mourning over
the destruction of the Temple and Israel's exile, on the one hand, and
of religious - in 20th century also national - communion with the memory
of Israel's former glory and the hope for its restoration, on the other.
Church of the Holy Sepulchre, known as the Church of the Resurrection
(Anastasis) to Eastern Orthodox Christians, is a Christian church in
the Old City of Jerusalem. It stands on a site that encompasses both
Golgotha, or Calvary, where Jesus was crucified, and the tomb (sepulchre)
where he was buried.
Church of the Holy Sepulchre has been an important pilgrimage destination
since the 4th century, and it remains the holiest Christian site in
the world. The early Christian community of Jerusalem appears to have
held liturgical celebrations at Christ's tomb from the time of the resurrection
city was taken by the Romans in 66 AD. Less than a century later, in
135 AD, Emperor Hadrian filled in the quarry to provide a level foundation
for a temple to Aphrodite. The site remained buried beneath the pagan
temple until Emperor Constantine the Great converted to Christianity
in 312 AD. He soon showed an interest in the holy places associated
with his new faith, and commissioned numerous churches to be built throughout
the Holy Land. The most important of these, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre,
was begun in 326 AD.
builders dug away the hillside to leave the rock-hewn tomb of Christ
isolated and with enough room to built a church around it. They also
cleared away Hadrian's temple and the material with which an old quarry
had been filled to provide the temple's foundations. In the process,
according to contemporary Christian historians, the Rock of Golgotha
was found. The Church was formally dedicated in 335 with an oration
by Constantine's biographer, Eusebius of Caesarea.
the late afternoon we take the leisurely 2hour drive to the Sheikh Hussain
Border where we re-enter Jordan.
remainder of the programme is the same as described in the Petra Nights
Tour with the exception of the third day where the Tour of the Desert
Castles in Eastern Jordan is replaced by this full day trip to Jerusalem
and Bethlehem. The Jordan part of the programme is detailed below:
trip begins in Amman, the capital of Jordan and your group will visit
the best example of a Roman provincial city it the Middle East. This
includes the Roman Forum, a Roman colonnaded street, the Nymphaeum,
the Temple of Artemis and St. Cosmos and St. Demeaners Churches.
trip to Jordan would be complete without a visit to the Dead Sea where
bathers can experience the unique phenomenon of being unable to sink
in water. As well as the leisure aspects, a visit to the area of the
Dead Sea would be of interest to Geography and Biology students and
provide them with the opportunity to study this truly wonderful area.
students of Religion the visit to Mount Nebo will have an interest as
the place where Moses overlooked the Promised Land before he died. This
vantage point commands views of the Jordan Valley, the Dead Sea, Jericho
and Jerusalem. The group will visit the
Old Monastery before continuing their journey to Madaba and the church
of St. George that contains the famous 6th century Mosaic Map of Palestine.
Kerak, which is the ancient Biblical capital of the Moabites is also
the site of the crusader's castle built by King Baldwin I of Jerusalem.
You will have the opportunity to explore the cavernous underground halls
and dungeons as well as visiting the museum associated with this site.
some, the highlight of the trip will be the full day visit to Petra
- The Lost City of the Nabateans. There is something for every interest
and most subjects. Petra is located in a geological fault that forms
part of the Great Rift Valley that extends down into Africa. The historical
interest is clear, but study the massive edifices carved from the solid
rock and consider the technology used to achieve such wonders. This
location of this city is a cleft in the mountain of an arid desert,
yet the ever rescoureful Nabeteans developed a water system that delivered
fresh water to their city through a series of pipes and gutters - the
technology of which has not been improved on even today. An English
or Drama student would be fascinated and inspired by this location that
formed one of the backdrops for the Indiana Jones Film - The Last Crusade.
lover of adventure will certainly enjoy the 4x4 drive in Wadi Rum -
the backyard of the British Liaison Officer - Laurance of Arabia. Included
in this trip is a visit to Laurance's house and Wadi Um Ishrin where
you can find Nabatean Inscriptions. The wind erroded sandstone sculptures
of Wadi Rum are an inspiration to artists and provide some dramatic
shapes and curves with which to practise their skills.
contrast to the Dead Sea, the Red Sea is teeming with underwater wildlife.
The warm waters of this sea at Aqaba make it the ideal place for bathing,
boating and snorkelling, or just taking it easy on the beach. The holiday
adventurer can even take part in water skiing, diving or sailing. The
Red Sea provides some of the best areas in the Northern Hemisphere to
see marine life in its unspoilt environment. You can take part in Scuba
Diving, Snorkelling or just enjoy the incredible beauty as you gaze
in wonder from a glass bottomed boat. There are a variety of optional
day tours which you can take part in depending upon your taste.
you would like further information about this fascinating and exciting
trip then please get in touch using the Booking Enquiry form (see link
below). We will be pleased to discuss your educational requirements
and how this trip is of benefit to students of History, Geography,
Biology, Religious Studies, Technology, Art and English.
If you require a special emphasis or would like to spend more time studying
a particular aspect of this trip then please let us know. We can tailor-make
this trip to suit your requirements.
Great Prices From
flights from UK airport of your choice, all meals, excursions, transport
and transfers whilst in Jordan and Israel as well as the exclusive services
of a Tour Guide and admission to sites of antiquities and museums.
out more about this Great Deal
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